National traditions of folk and fairy tales saw in the “people” (the German Volk) its mythic origin. What did “people” mean in early-modern Italy, where the first literary fairy tales were written? And how did the concept of “people” mutate when the center of this literary tradition moved to France and then to Germany? Finally, we will try to identify the concept of “people” in the American interpretation of Western fairy tales, in particular in our contemporary political context dominated by racism and xenophobia.