In December 1894, French Jewish Captain Alfred Dreyfus was sentenced to life imprisonment for giving French military secrets to the Germans. Dreyfus was innocent, yet the French military continued his persecution for years. The affair divided France between royalists and military men, on the one hand, and progressive powers, who supported Dreyfus, on the other. After a long legal affair, Dreyfus was exonerated and reinstated as a major in 1906. The affair brought to the fore the problem of French and global anti-Semitism, and was covered extensively in the Arabic press, with some very sympathetic accounts in support of Dreyfus.

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